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In recent 17 years Lithuania has been in a process of ownership rights restitution of land, forest, water bodies, residential houses and commercial buildings. Three ways were applied for the restoration of land ownership rights to the former owners - in kind, in equivalent and compensation. Restitution process is now going to an end. Now more and more can be perceived that after land reform parcels structure is inefficient for its fragmentation.


Land consolidation history in Lithuania has started from the year 2000 with pilot land consolidation projects with the support of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.


In Lithuania the land consolidation projects (LCP) can be implemented in the areas, where the restitution of land ownership rights is almost completed. In the rural areas where land reform is almost finished to start land consolidation (LC) process at least 5 land owners who together in total have not less than 100 hectares can provide application to the county governor.


According to the Land Law Land consolidationa complex readjustment of land parcels when their boundaries and location are changed according to a land consolidation plan prepared for a certain territory, with an aim to enlarge land parcels, to form rational land holdings of farms and to improve their structure, to establish necessary infrastructure and to implement other goals and tasks of the agricultural and rural development as well as environment protection policy.


In 2006 first 14 land consolidation projects in 4 counties were started under the European Union (EU) Rural Development program (Chart 1). These projects are 100% financed by the European Union – 71% and Lithuanian government – 29%. To the land owners this process is totally free or charge. Land consolidation projects are implemented only on voluntary basis.


Chart 1. First 14 land consolidation projects in Lithuania


Land owners from these 14 land consolidation projects provided common problems to counties governors that had to be solved through land consolidation – to enlarge farm holdings; to improve farm structure; to form compact land tenures of the farms; to improve local road network; to reduce distances between cultivated land parcels; to create territorial base for infrastructure improvement, and to identify the areas where land improvement is necessary (mainly drainage).


Not much could be solved in these first LC projects as right after land consolidation process has started it appeared clear, that state land exchange in legislation is forbidden. That is why these first land consolidation projects are looking very poorly compared to the initial land consolidation approach. The main actions are focused only on how to enlarge farm holdings and create convenient local road network (this is still yet to be started).


Prepared by: Giedrius Pasakarnis, project manager.


Presentation prepared for Farland meeting about land consolidation project in Zidikai and Ukrinai cadastral area of Mazeikiai district, Telsiai county - click here to download.












Photo gallery from land consolidation project in Telsiai county click here.


Approved land consolidation project


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