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LT | EN
recent 17 years Lithuania has been in a process of ownership rights
restitution of land, forest, water bodies, residential houses and
commercial buildings. Three ways were applied for the restoration of
land ownership rights to the former owners - in kind, in equivalent and
compensation. Restitution process is now going to an end. Now more and
more can be perceived that after land reform parcels structure is
inefficient for its fragmentation.
consolidation history in Lithuania has started from the year 2000 with
pilot land consolidation projects with the support of Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Lithuania the land consolidation projects (LCP) can be implemented in
the areas, where the restitution of land ownership rights is almost
completed. In the rural areas where land reform is almost finished to
start land consolidation (LC) process at least 5 land owners who
together in total have not less than 100 hectares can provide
application to the county governor.
According to the Land Law Land consolidation – a complex
readjustment of land parcels when their boundaries and location are
changed according to a land consolidation plan prepared for a certain
territory, with an aim to enlarge land parcels, to form rational land
holdings of farms and to improve their structure, to establish necessary
infrastructure and to implement other goals and tasks of the
agricultural and rural development as well as environment protection
2006 first 14 land consolidation projects in 4 counties were started
under the European Union (EU) Rural Development program (Chart 1). These
projects are 100% financed by the European Union – 71% and Lithuanian
government – 29%. To the land owners this process is totally free or
charge. Land consolidation projects are implemented only on voluntary
14 land consolidation projects in Lithuania
owners from these 14 land consolidation projects provided common
problems to counties governors that had to be solved through land
consolidation – to enlarge farm holdings; to improve farm structure; to
form compact land tenures of the farms; to improve local road network;
to reduce distances between cultivated land parcels; to create
territorial base for infrastructure improvement, and to identify the
areas where land improvement is necessary (mainly drainage).
much could be solved in these first LC projects as right after land
consolidation process has started it appeared clear, that state land
exchange in legislation is forbidden. That is why these first land
consolidation projects are looking very poorly compared to the initial
land consolidation approach. The main actions are focused only on how to
enlarge farm holdings and create convenient local road network (this is
still yet to be started).
Prepared by: Giedrius
Pasakarnis, project manager.
Presentation prepared for
Farland meeting about land consolidation project in Zidikai and Ukrinai
cadastral area of Mazeikiai district, Telsiai county -
click here to download.
Photo gallery from land
consolidation project in Telsiai county
Approved land consolidation
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